Any theological study of the Guadalupe event must take into account the historical setting and the literary context in which the story has come down to us. The apparitions of Mary in 1531 to Juan Diego are set forth in detail in the Nican Mopohua the Classic work of Don Antonio Veleriano that is studied in this work. There are extraordinarily rich in revealing the loving nature of God, the spiritual maternity of Mary, the role of the prophet and the theology of witnessing.